2/29/08

Say hello to my little friends!

The fabulous Frances at Faire Garden is bragging on her seedlings.

I'm not gonna let her have all the fun!

Just this very day I noticed that I have good germination for Camassia quamash! I keep a fairly close watch on my seed flats, but maybe these came up a few days ago and I failed to notice.

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I neglected to write down the date I sowed this flat (bad gardener!), but I can tell you it was several months ago. I expected these to take a long time, and I put the flat in an obscure location so I could manage my space most efficiently. Amazing that they call came up more or less at the same time, huh?

Another species that took a long time for me: Iris douglasiana. This is a coastal species native to northern California, and all the way up to Oregon.

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Actually, I have two flats of Doug Iris. One is fresh seed from the Botanical Garden (which sprouted quickly), and the other is seed I bought from JL Hudson (which took a few months). Iris has a slow, hypogeal germination. Fresh seed is supposed to work better.

From the Deno book:
"This genus [Iris] gave not only great diversity in germination but also some of the most extended multi-cycle germination observed. Germination is always hypogeal, and true leaves develop in a week or two once the radicle emerges even when germination was delayed for years."
Can you imagine maintaining a seed flat for years? I'm practicing patience but I'm not there yet!

Some seeds apparently sprout faster after aging a few years. I understand that Cleome is an example (although I cannot now recall where I read that). Nor can I track down the garden blog I visited where everyone agreed that Cleome smells...icky. I haven't had much experience with Cleome, but it appears likely that I will have it in my garden this year. So far, one of five seeds have germinated.

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I started tomatoes. 'Black from Tula'--what a name, huh? I got them from Seed Savers, but you can get them from Amazon! Who knew.

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Frances and I both have Dierama pulcherrimum (an Iris family plant, btw). These are mine, and they look a little piqued. I need to prick these out and pot them up. Like, now.

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Claytonia perfoliata, Miner's Lettuce. I probably could have sowed this directly, but I wanted to be sure. I could thin this out, but I don't have to. I'll fork it out in sections, here and there in the garden.

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Madia elegans, Tarweed. If you visited whoreticulture anytime last summer or fall, you saw this annual's yellow daisy flowers. The foliage has a fragrance that cannot be blogged, and I love this plant. I've already planted out half the flat in my garden. I'll divvy up the remainders between my dad, my guru, and the Botanical Garden.

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Some Clarkia (called Godetia in some parts..?). I sowed some seeds in containers simultaneously with some sown directly in the ground. Slugs have not bothered my direct-sown seedlings, so these may need to find another home.

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Mimulus pictus, endemic to hot, rocky places in southern California. This appeared in my Bloom Day posts several times last spring and summer. This one's about to bloom, and I haven't even planted it out yet!

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More wildflowers: Phacelia tanacetifolia on the left, and Layia platyglossa on the right.

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This Phacelia, obtained from three different sources, consistently produces long, etiolated seedlings. I plant them very low in the ground and they seem to do fine. The Layia I've learned to plant out late when the plants are large to minimize slug damage.

To show that I'm not a California plant snob, something from South Africa: Heliophila coronopifolia.


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I did not sow these. Recently I ordered some perennials from High Country and I rounded out the order with *one* 2-inch pot of Campanula portenschlagiana. The one 2-inch pot was so packed with plantlings, I divided them into TWELVE!

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I must have been temporarily insane when I wrote in the comments at Garden Rant that I don't care for orange lilies. Or else I forgot all about these pots of Lilium pardalinum I grew from seed. This is another west coast native, from northern woods.

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Deno:
"L. pardalinum is part of a group of lilies from the west coast of the U.S. that have their own unique hypogeal pattern. The group includes L. kelleyanum, pardalinum, parvum, shastense, washingtonianum, and probably other western U.S. species. Seed was sown in September and left outdoors until a year later. It was then placed at 40 degrees whereupon 80-90% germinated in the second week. On shifting to 70 degrees three months later, the single true leaf developed. The bulb formation is similar to the L. michiganense group in that the bulb forms inside or barely outside the seed coat."
I didn't provide my seeds with so much temperature fluctuation, but there was some, and germination was complete only after several months. I started seed in the refrigerator in a baggy with some moist perlite and vermiculite, and sowed them in flats six weeks later. I did some diurnal temperature fluctuation for a few weeks, and then I put the flat outdoors and let it fend for itself. The leaves came right up. I kept the flat moist and fertilized, with fullest sun, through the rainy season, and then I let the flat dry out. After sitting dry all last summer, I dug up the bulbs and potted them. I've been keeping them moderately moist ever since.

We have leaves!

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This is Jacaranda mimosifolia--no idea what I'm going to do with it. Put it in the free pile at the Botanical Garden most likely.

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This Fuchsia boliviana can go in a client's garden.

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Vaccinium ovatum, Evergreen huckleberry. Very slow germination for me. Slower than Iris douglasiana and Lilium pardalinum, but not as slow as Camassia quamash. And of course these grow very slowly as plants. To encourage birds, I'll keep as many of them as possible in my garden.

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The only question is where...

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17 comments:

mmw said...

My L. pardalinum (sowed last Jan.) is coming up now too! I forgot I planted it. OK, I'm going to have to do one of these posts too. If I ever have time....

Gardener of La Mancha said...

I am jealous and humbled. I need to get going on more seeds! I do have some Clintonia andrewsiana sprouting in a flat, which is exciting. Do you cook your soil before sowing or do you buy a sterile mix?

chuck b. said...

I had to look up that plant--cool plant! I esp. like those blue berries. Congratulations on your germination success. All propagation success merits congratulations.

I have never baked soil. It apparently stinks the whole house up to high heaven. (The kittens would not approve.)

I used to buy sterile mix but now I just buy a big bag of peat and mix in some perlite, five-to-one peat-to-perlite. Much cheaper that way.

I would like to try the coir-derived material for germination that I've read about--more "sustainable" than peat. But I've never seed it for sale anywhere, and I can't understand how the coir could provide good enough contact with the seed to stimulate germination. It must be milled very finely or something.

chuck b. said...

And I stop worrying about sterility after the true leaves are up. I'll top-dress a flat with compost or planting mix if I'm not going to prick out the plants for awhile.

And for wildflowers, I usually start with a mix that's half peat and half garden soil. There shouldn't be much worry about damping off w/ wildflowers.

Frances, said...

What a pleasant surprise when I stopped by this morning, slept late, until 5:30 AM. Your seed starting puts me to shame, but thanks for the link. The camassia is most impressive, we grow this from bulbs and call ourselves successful. Some or our asiatic lilies have self sown in the garden. The inherited tiger lilies really put out the babies, but those have all been yanked due to some virus fear about spreading to the other lilies. What are you going to do with all those babies? Are any of them going into your garden? Will you have to make some tough decisions about who stays?

Frances at Faire Garden

chuck b. said...

I have some room for a little bit of everything, and the rest will find new homes. There always seems to be something in the garden whose time has come to go.

Christopher C. NC said...

I don't recall which post it was, but a short while back you inspired me to get off my frozen ass and sow some seeds. I now have Texas Bluebonnets, Salvia nemorosa, Digitalis 'Apricot Beauty' (from you via Hank)and Campanula sprouting in the living room. Two trays of 72 each small peat pots. I need to get more of those seed starter trays. Hank sent me a ton of seeds and it is now 8 weeks to May 1.

chuck b. said...

Excellent! I'm thrilled that Hank sent you those foxglove seeds. I gave some to Lisa at millertime too. I'll have the inflorescence this year, but next year all three of you will, or might! I feel so connected to three of my favorite bloggers.

I use the seed trays from Home Harvest Garden Supply, over there in my links. (Thanks to Entangled for pointing me to them). I have to put holes in them tho'. I would like to find trays that are just a wee bit thicker that won't be so prone to cracking.

I've never tried peat pots. I hear the peat doesn't always rot away and seedlings can get rootbound. Probably a good idea to scissor away the bottoms at planting time...

Randy and Jamie said...

I wish I was better with seeds... I think I lack the patience it takes. Wonderful job!

chuck b. said...

Oh, but lots of seeds take no time at all. Vegetables are mostly up in 6-10 days. Wildflowers, about as fast. Most things come up in a few weeks.

Mr. McGregor's Daughter said...

That Jacaranda is so cute - it's too bad you've run out of room. I find that I end up giving away alot of seedlings too. It's so easy to get carried away with them.

Gardener of La Mancha said...

Yep, it's the blue berries that won me over. Have you germinated shade plants? The clintonias like shade, but I just read that seedlings need more light than the full grown plant and I'm wondering if I need to move them to a sunnier area...just wondering.

chuck b. said...

Yeah, I would give shade plants more light when they're just starting out--but probably not, like, direct noontime sun May-July. Keep them cool, and well watered. I think coastal sunlight this time of year probably won't hurt.

In the Botanical Garden nursery (and other professional nurseries that I've observed) seedlings stay in the bright ambient light of a hoop house.

Generally, I keep everything I grow indoors under shop lights (for 12-18 hrs a day, then darkness) until 2-3 pair of true leaves appear. After that, it's sort of an intuitive back and forth game. Sunlight, shoplights, filtered light, shade, periodic darkness... You develop an intuition.

I can't recall germinating many shade plants, but I've done all the above with huckleberry, columbine, and Collinsia for sure. And I'm doing it now with the quamash.

Gardener of La Mancha said...

Thanks.

lisa said...

You are my seed-starting hero! Aside from winter-sowing, I feel very insecure and lame with seeds...but I have a plan...got me one of them new-fangled Aerogarden hydroponic thingys! So maybe I can make you proud with the awesome seeds you sent me...fingers crossed!

Brent said...

This was very inspirational.

I really ought to be a bit more diligent about caring for my seeds. I tend to fling them about the garden for the most part, I rarely keep track of sowing dates, and I hardly ever label the few containers that I do use.

I've also stolen another of your plant ideas to populate my interest list - Madia elegans.

chuck b. said...

I hope you'll be very happy with Madia elegans! The fragrance alone...

But it also flowers when everything else is kaput (except for Epilobium) and the bees buzz around it all day. Then birds come for the seeds, and it's a larval host for a butterfly I haven't yet identified.